So, the robe a la circassienne.
Again, here is a link to my pinterest board that hosts both Robes a la Turque and Robes a la Circassienne. I find there are so many references on fashion plates as to what kind of style it is, with so many differences and sometimes contradictions, that I am just trying to show a few things that I think the sources I have at hand seem to have in common. Here is also a very interesting link with sources (ample!) and translations.
The robe a la Circassienne seems to have been around in the late 1770s and the early 1780s. I haven't found an original robe (anyone can point me in the right direction here?) but there are fashion plates and paintings.
The Robe a la Circassienne again, like the Robe a la Turque, is named after a region that borders on the black sea.
Unlike the Robe a la Turque, the Circassienne seems to have the skirt part cut separate. the majority seems to be worn over some sort of corset (a long sleeved top), with back closure. There a a few that seem to close in the front, but I am not sure about the construction. Maybe it's just closed over a top.
The back seems seem to be emphasized by ribbons in contrasting colour.
The sleeves are short over either a long narrow sleeve or a very fluffy mostly white chemise like sleeve. Or a tightish sleeve with LOTS of frills.
The whole thing is VERY frilly! The more the merries, as far as I understand. It's quite mad, all in all!
The fashion plates also have in common that there is some sort of collar or very emphasized neckline.
AND a looped-up skirt (apart from one fashion plate, which also shows a dress that is unusually unfrilly).
Generally the Robe a la Circassienne reminds me a lot of Candy Floss, but there are a few examples that are a little "quieter".
Let's have a look at some pictures, again, direct you attention towards the skirt (looped), sleeves (double layerd), neckline (lots of extras).
This is pure craziness: LEOPARD print!!! pouffy sleeves in this one.
|Young Lady in a Circassienne trimmed with blonde lace, decorated with a streaked ribbon, wearing a romantic Hat and a loose, braided chignon. (1778)|
Robe à la Circassienne Garnie à la Chartres: la Coëffure de meme, Avec le Tableau des Evenements, from metmuseum.org
Gallerie des Modes et Costumes, Robe à la Circassienne, 1770's, www.ekduncan.com
|Young Woman Admiring a Miniature by Wille, 1778.|
Galerie des Modes, 35e Cahier, 4e Figure Circassienne with bands of another color, edged with muslin. The coiffure is a cap à la Créche belted with a double row of ribbon with a bow on top of the Phisionomie. (1780)
Galerie des Modes, 21e Cahier, 6e Figure Taffeta circassienne with bands of ribbons, with a petticoat of another color trimmed with gauze in little box pleats, and trimmed with three large bands of different colored ribbons. (1779)
I hope you've enjoyed my little attempt of understanding the Robe a la Circassienne. If you have some more ideas and pictures, share them with me!